What strength retinol should I use?
Retinol is a research-backed, proven anti-ageing ingredient. Everybody can benefit from using it, but what strength should you use? Put simply, how much retinol your skin needs depends on your skin type and concerns as well as your skin’s tolerance for it. You can work out your skin’s tolerance by experimenting with different strengths and frequencies of usage and seeing how your skin responds.
How much retinol do I need?
Paula’s Choice Skincare offers a range of retinol products in a range of strengths and textures to meet the needs of various skin types and concerns.
To get the best results, retinol products should be used with other anti-ageing products that contain rejuvenating ingredients, skin-replenishing ingredients, antioxidants and restorative ingredients such as niacinamide. While retinol is an anti-ageing superstar, improving the appearance of ageing skin requires more than just one ingredient.
Low-strength retinol – 0.01% to 0.03%
If you have never used retinol before, or have dry and sensitive skin, use a lower-strength retinol. You will see brilliant results when applied once or twice daily.
What results can you expect?
It may seem surprising, but even small percentages of retinol can benefit your skin. Percentages of 0.01% retinol or greater are proven to be effective at improving multiple signs of ageing, reducing pore size and improving the overall health of your skin. Paula's Choice Skincare retinol products also a contain a blend of beneficial ingredients, such as antioxidants, peptides and emollients for even better results.
Research also shows that lower percentages of retinol combined with other antioxidants helps your skin fight against environmental pollution when you wear it during the day with a broad-spectrum sun protection. (Always use SPF 30 or higher during the day).
These are Paula's Choice products which have low percentages of retinol. Depending on your skin's response and/or concern, you can alternate or even layer them with products containing a higher percentage of retinol.
- Skin Balancing Super Antioxidant Concentrate Serum with Retinol - A silky-soft serum with a nearly weightless matte finish. Suitable for combination to oily skin. Contains multiple antioxidants like, vitamins C and E, green tea, grape seed and 0.03% retinol.
- Skin Recovery Super Antioxidant Concentrate Serum with Retinol - Specially formulated for dry, sensitive skin. This moisturising serum is packed with skin-protecting antioxidants, plant-based oils, soothing ingredients and 0.01% retinol. If you have a dry and sensitive or reactive skin, it is advised to start with a lower percentage of retinol to see how your skin responds before trying higher concentrations.
- Resist Barrier Repair Moisturizer with Retinol - Light yet hydrating lotion texture that combines 0.01% retinol with peptides, ceramides and antioxidants, making it perfect for normal to dry skin.
- Resist Intensive Repair Cream with Retinol - Our richest retinol moisturiser for dry to very dry skin. Contains 0.01% retinol and a blend of peptides, ceramides and antioxidants.
These products with lower retinol percentages are also ideal for combining with our boosters or treatments.
Moderate-strength retinol – 0.04% to 0.1%
If you experience skin concerns like uneven skin tone or texture and a visible loss of firmness, try adding a stronger retinol product to your routine such as 0.04% to 0.1% retinol products. Start by using 2-3 nights a week and build usage to see how your skin responds.
What results can you expect?
Moderate percentages of retinol (0.04% to 0.1%) give you results faster than lower percentages of retinol. Research shows that retinol concentrations of 0.04% and greater could counteract the visible effects of environmental damage and visible thinning of skin. A controlled clinical trial published in March 2015 further confirmed results from older studies showing that 0.1% retinol improves multiple signs of ageing in eight weeks, with cumulative results over the course of a year. Of note was the increase in collagen and hyaluronic acid.
Paula's Choice has two different formulas with moderate percentages of retinol. One for face and one for body:
- Resist Intensive Wrinkle Repair Retinol Serum - Suitable for any skin type This nighttime serum combines 0.1% retinol with vitamins C and E as well as soothing anti-ageing plant extracts.
Skincare Tip: alternate with our retinol-free Resist Super Antioxidant Concentrate Serum in your morning routine.
- Resist Retinol Skin-Smoothing Body Treatment - This specialised product for your body combines natural butters, plant oils and antioxidants with 0.1% retinol. It helps to reduce spots and bumps on your chest, neck and arms for a smooth, even toned and silky-soft skin.
High-strength retinol – 0.3%-1%
Those with stubborn skin concerns, like deep wrinkles and pronounced uneven skin tone may want to consider a high percentage retinol cream, serum or treatment. Look for those with a retinol percentage of between 0.3% and 1%. The strongest retinol product that we offer is our Clinical 1% Retinol Treatment and 1% Retinol Booster.
What results can you expect?
Higher percentages of retinol provide quick results for skincare concerns that may not have responded to lower percentages of retinol.
These are the Paula’s Choice Skincare products that contain a higher percentage of retinol:
- Clinical 1% Retinol Treatment - A powerful amount of retinol, combined with vitamin C, peptides, antioxidants and soothing ingredients to minimise any potential irritation. This lotion formula addresses the most advanced signs of skin ageing. Suitable for any skin type, especially for normal to dry skin.
- 1% Retinol Booster - This water-light booster with 1% retinol produces powerful results! This booster provides similar results to the Clinical 1% Retinol Treatment, but the texture makes it more suitable for normal to oily or oily skin. You can apply it underneath or with your moisturiser or serum.
- Clinical 0.3% Retinol + 2% Bakuchiol Treatment - combines retinol with plant-derived bakuchiol in concentrations that can make a remarkable difference on advanced sun damage, rough, uneven skin tone, and discolourations. The synergy between retinol and bakuchiol helps dramatically improve tolerance to retinol without losing any benefits a more potent amount provides.
How often should you use retinol?
The frequency that you apply retinol depends on the product you are using and how experienced your skin is with retinol. If you are using a low strength formula you can start using it once or twice daily. When using moderate and high-strength retinol products it is best to be a little more cautious. We recommend introducing these products to your skincare routine no more than three times per week and monitoring how your skin responds. If you experience no adverse reaction you can increase use to every other day and then every day. As with many other skincare products you may need to experiment to find the best usage for your skin.
Can you use glycolic or salicylic acid with retinol?
There is a common misconception that you can’t combine retinol with an AHA (glycolic acid) or BHA (salicylic acid) exfoliant. In actual fact, research showed that the anti-ageing benefits of retinol are boosted when you combine it with an AHA (glycolic acid) or BHA (salicylic acid) exfoliant in the right amounts.
Tip: As both retinol and AHAs or BHA are active ingredients, keep an eye on how your skin reacts when used together. You may need to experiment to find the right balance for your skin.
Choose the right retinol product for your skin needs
Armed with this knowledge about the strength of retinol you should use for your skin type and concerns, there's nothing stopping you from getting great results. Do not forget to protect your skin from UV damage every day with an SPF higher than 30, even when it’s cloudy.
Need help with finding the right product for you skin? Our customer care team are skincare and product experts and can guide you to the best skin of your life.