Eugenia Caryophyllus Oil



No known benefits

Eugenia Caryophyllus Oil at a glance

  • Commonly known as clove oil
  • Frequent flavor additive
  • Also used in some traditional medicine applications
  • High eugenol content is a skin irritant
  • Can be cytotoxic and genotoxic

Eugenia Caryophyllus Oil description

_Eugenia caryophyllus_, also called as _Syzygium aromaticum_, is a type of flowering tree native to Indonesia. Its fragrant flower buds are known as clove, and the oil steam distilled from the dried buds is known as clove oil. _Eugenia caryophyllus_ oil, or clove oil, is known the world over for its distinctive aromatic properties. It’s a frequent flavor additive to food and beverages and is one of the key elements of what’s known as “pumpkin pie spice.” This oil has also been used for many years both internally and topically as a traditional treatment of numerous ailments, including fevers and toothaches. Research points to clove essential oil’s benefit as an antimicrobial agent, mostly because of its high eugenol content (between 82-87%). Eugenol is a fragrance chemical that’s pro-oxidant, meaning it can trigger the development of free radicals that can damage skin. Studies show it’s also cytotoxic, meaning it can damage living cells, and genotoxic, meaning it can cause damage to DNA. None of this is good news for your skin! For these reasons, even though it might make a product smell good, it’s best to avoid any skin care containing clove oil and stick to using it in your food and drinks instead.

Eugenia Caryophyllus Oil references

  • SpecialChem, Website, Accessed June 2024
  • Clove (Syzygium aromaticum) Chemistry, Functionality and Applications, 2022, edited by Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan, pages 267-314
  • Contact Dermatitis, June 2022, pages 71-80
  • International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, February 2017, pages 895-899

Peer-reviewed, substantiated scientific research is used to assess ingredients in this dictionary. Regulations regarding constraints, permitted concentration levels and availability vary by country and region.

Ingredient ratings


Proven and supported by independent studies. Outstanding active ingredient for most skin types or concerns.


Necessary to improve a formula's texture, stability, or penetration.


Generally non-irritating but may have aesthetic, stability, or other issues that limit its usefulness.


There is a likelihood of irritation. Risk increases when combined with other problematic ingredients.


May cause irritation, inflammation, dryness, etc. May offer benefit in some capability but overall, proven to do more harm than good.


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Not rated

We have not yet rated this ingredient because we have not had a chance to review the research on it.