Black Mulberry


Plant extracts

Black Mulberry description

Due to its arbutin content, this extract can have some value in improving the look of discolourations. Although there is limited research showing this to be the case, the research has been done only in vitro.

Black Mulberry references

  • eMedicine Journal, November 5, 2001, volume 2, number 11
  • Biophysical Research Communications, February 1998, issue 3, pages 801-803

Peer-reviewed, substantiated scientific research is used to assess ingredients in this dictionary. Regulations regarding constraints, permitted concentration levels and availability vary by country and region.

Ingredient ratings


Proven and supported by independent studies. Outstanding active ingredient for most skin types or concerns.


Necessary to improve a formula's texture, stability, or penetration.


Generally non-irritating but may have aesthetic, stability, or other issues that limit its usefulness.


There is a likelihood of irritation. Risk increases when combined with other problematic ingredients.


May cause irritation, inflammation, dryness, etc. May offer benefit in some capability but overall, proven to do more harm than good.


We couldn't find this in our ingredient dictionary. We log all missing ingredients and make continuous updates.

Not rated